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tv   ABC World News With Diane Sawyer  ABC  March 21, 2011 5:30pm-6:00pm PDT

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million followers. >> we'll see you. >> the 6:00. tonight on "world news," target libya. america and its allies now just hours away from control of the skies. so what's next for u.s. forces, and what will gadhafi do now? radiation in food from japan. >> fukushima fresh vegetables. >> we do our own tests. and an american family after ten days of hope learns their daughter was lost trying to save others. men, women and jobs. which sex is getting 90% of the new jobs and why? and sibling secrets. are you an older or younger sibling? news about which order gives you an edge in health and happiness.
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good evening. as we come on the air tonight beginning this week together, the united states is still in the middle of an international assault on moammar gadhafi's libya. but the battle is moving at breakneck speed. it is called "operation odyssey dawn," and as of tonight, the skies are clear. gadhafi's forces have come to a halt though there are still big questions. how soon can the u.s. hand over the lead to other countries? who are these libyan rebels, and are we even on the same side? and what is next? will gadhafi fold, or could this go on for years? we have team coverage from washington to libya beginning with martha raddatz on what is happening right now. martha? >> reporter: diane, the no-fly zone is officially in place but only in the eastern part of the country, but that should expand over the coming days as more of gadhafi's air defenses are taken out. in the last 24 hours, at least a dozen cruise missiles have hammered libyan targets, two of
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them slamming into a command and control facility smack in the middle of one of gadhafi's compounds. since this air assault began, there have been 136 cruise missile strikes. those strikes alone totaling well over $136 million, and more than 50 attacks from warplanes aimed at gadhafi's surface-to-air missile sites and military airfields. three b-2 stealth bombers dropped 45 2,000-pound bombs on the hardened structures that shelter gadhafi's fighter jets. here is what it looked like before and after. some of the structures completely demolished. >> we have not observed libyan military aircraft operating since the beginning of coalition military operations. >> reporter: with the libyan troop advance halted for now and the air defenses significantly degraded, the no-fly zone will be expanded west towards tripoli some 600 miles. but there seems to be confusion
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about what happens when they get there. that strike on gadhafi's compound, even though his iconic tent sits nearby, the u.s. insists it is not gadhafi himself who is being targeted. >> i don't know much about the location of the libyan leader nor have we expended any military effort in that regard. >> reporter: but british foreign secretary william hague refused to rule out gadhafi as a target telling the bbc "that depends on the circumstances at the time." just one of the problems emerging in this hastily arranged coalition. just days ago, the united arab emirates was going to send fighter jets but not anymore. norway turned around its fighter aircraft midflight because it was unclear who was in charge, and italy, which has opened up its bases to countries participating in the enforcement of the no-fly zone now may take that offer back. and one big concern is still the mobile surface-to-air missiles
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that remain in libya. there are around 50, and they move them around. they can hide them anywhere, garages, under bridges, and the problem is that pilots can't see them until they lock on to them and the missile is launched. diane? >> all right, martha. they don't know how many of those there are, which makes the next 24, 48 hours still very dangerous. thank you, martha. but another mystery, gadhafi's opponents. as we know, the coalition led by the americans now finds itself in common cause with those rebels in libya. but are we really on the same side? abc's alex marquardt is in the heart of rebel territory and tracked down the leadership. >> reporter: the rebels today displayed a trophy of their new might, one of gadhafi's tanks captured thanks to help from coalition fighters above. the u.s. and 21 other countries are backing these rebels, but how much do we actually know about them? leading the fight against gadhafi is a man who worked with him for decades, head of his feared interior ministry,
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general abdul fattah younis. in that role his job was to enforce loyalty to gadhafi. younis told us a few weeks ago he stepped down because gadhafi had gone too far killing protesters. then there are the rebels political leaders. what do they want? you understand that there is a lot of apprehension in the united states. the government feels like they don't know you very well. "we really do understand american fears," he said, assuring us they want democracy with political parties, a new constitution and elections. still there is a lot of skepticism. >> there is cause for concern i think. we don't know who we're dealing with. quite simply only time will tell. >> reporter: what about gadhafi's claims that the rebels have terrorists and fundamentalists in their ranks? >> colonel gadhafi likes to play on western fears of islamic militancy and claim that somehow this movement is being led by jihadists or people linked to al
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qaeda. there's no real truth in that. >> reporter: as these rebels march on in their quest to oust gadhafi, there's little denying that the u.s. has thrown its significant military weight behind a disjointed group they're still getting to know. alex marquardt, abc news, benghazi in eastern libya. president obama was 5,000 miles from the white house today in santiago, chile, on his scheduled latin-american tour but fielding questions about libya and criticism from both parties that he hasn't fully explained the u.s. strategy and concrete goals for getting out. jake tapper was digging for some of those answers today. jake? >> reporter: good evening, diane. well, for the third day in a row, president obama spoke and tried to explain to the american people just why the u.s. is intervening in libya as more and more questions mount about the precise mission and how long u.s. troops will be there. as the coalition forces continue to pummel libya, the president
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spoke yet again today trying to explain to the american people a fundamental question, why is the u.s. in libya? last tuesday the president received intelligence that gadhafi's forces were approaching the rebel stronghold of benghazi, a city of 700,000 even more rapidly than had been anticipated. gadhafi said "we will show no mercy." >> and in the face of that, the international community rallied and said, we have to stop any potential atrocities inside of libya. >> reporter: sources say the president was alarmed not just about the potential mass slaughter but also that not stopping it would say to pro-democracy demonstrators throughout the arab world that the u.s. has abandoned you, say to dictators that egypt's hosni mubarak was a fool for leaving and further destabilize libya's neighbors, egypt and tunisia still vulnerable after their own revolutions. further confusing a murky and suddenly launched war, the president says he wants to oust gadhafi from power, but that is
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not the goal of this military action. >> when it comes to our military action, we are doing so in support of u.n. security resolution 1973. that specifically talks about humanitarian efforts, and we are going to make sure that we stick to that mandate. >> reporter: so another difficult question, what is the end game? the white house says that after this first phase of u.s. forces leading the air assault on libyan air defense and assets on the ground, the u.s. will pull back and hand over command and control to someone. when? >> we anticipate this transition to take place in a matter of days and not a matter of weeks. >> reporter: the u.s. role will then shift to providing logistical support while the uk, france, italy and other countries enforce the no-fly zone. but no one will say how long that will last. >> i wouldn't speculate in terms of length at this particular point in time.
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>> reporter: diane, after all, that first no-fly zone over iraq lasted from the end of gulf war i to the beginning of gulf war ii. that's 11 years for one no-fly zone. diane? >> the force of them, you say, was taken out by force. thank you, jake tapper. and now the latest tonight on that disaster in the pacific, the latest on those troubled reactors and the reports that there is radiation found in the food in japan. what does this mean for americans? what food comes here? abc's david wright in osaka has that and the news on the effort to get those reactors under control. >> reporter: the frantic effort to cool the nuclear plant appears to be making some headway, and radiation levels are slightly down. >> things appear to be on the verge of stabilizing. >> reporter: then last night reactor number three puffed out an ominous cloud of black smoke and work suddenly stopped. all workers on site forced to evacuate. those first responders are exposing themselves to potentially lethal doses of
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radiation. they said this weekend they left home in such a hurry, they had to say good-bye to their families by text message. "i apologize to them," the lead firefighter said, his voice shaking. he said one of the wives texted back "i hope you are the saviors of japan." but as the water from their hoses cools the reactors, it's been leaking into the ocean, seawater just off the coast of the plant now has radioactive iodine at 127 times the normal level raising concerns about contamination to fish and shellfish. already the food supply is tainted. tokyo tap water shows elevated levels of radioactive iodine and cesium. milk, canola, spinach and other leafy vegetables farmed near the reactor are considered unsafe for human consumption. this local dairy is having to throw out all that milk. we have here an assortment of produce that we bought at an ordinary tokyo supermarket, some scallions, spinach, a bunch of leafy vegetables, and you can see it says right on the
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package, fukushima fresh vegetables. well, if you take our trusty geiger counter here, and you hold it right up to the package, it immediately starts to crackle. american consumers needn't worry according to food safety experts. just 4% of u.s. food imports come from japan, and any food japan exports is rigorously tested. "don't panic," japan's top government spokesman pleaded last night reassuring japanese consumers that anything harmful is being pulled from the grocery store shelves. david wright, abc news, osaka, japan. the death toll from the earthquake and tsunami is now expected to top 18,000, and today for the first time, we confirmed that one of those victims is an american who had come to japan to work with children and died on her bike seeking to help them. abc's clarissa ward is in the hardest hit disaster zone reporting from the town of morioka.
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>> reporter: an extraordinary tale of survival. a 16-year-old and his 80-year-old grandmother trapped for nine days pulled out of the rubble alive. today the teenager tells how they managed to survive clutching kitchen towels to stay warm. a refrigerator collapsed near them. in it coca-cola, water and bites of food. there were snacks, he says, so i ate snacks. so we've just arrived in the city of akita, which is about a three-hour drive from some of those hardest hit areas, and we've already seen our first team of relief workers packing up this truck with fuel and with generators, desperately needed supplies. at kenreesa tuol hospital, we meet sotomi. she was nine months pregnant when the quake hit. did you feel the shaking of the earthquake? "it was shaking so hard i couldn't get up, so i just laid down on the ground" she tells me.
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"my heart was beating so fast." with her 2-year-old boy she fled to higher ground narrowly missing the 30-foot wave that swallowed most of her town. she was immediately taken to the hospital where she gave birth to a beautiful baby boy, yoshitaka. hello, yoshitaka. there are many more who were not as lucky. today the first confirmed american casualty, 24-year-old taylor anderson from virginia, was working as an english teacher. after the quake she helped get children to higher ground then headed home by bike. she never made it. her sister said she was living the life she always wanted. one life lost as another begins in this battered country. clarissa ward, abc news, morioka. and still ahead right here on "world news," it is men versus women in the search for jobs. can you guess which sex is getting 90% of the jobs in the recovery? and are you the older or younger sibling? a new study about what that may mean for your health.
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share the world with the ones you love! and ask your doctor about reclast. once-a-year reclast. year-long protection for on-the-go women. there is a new chapter tonight in this very serious battle of the sexes. in this fragile recovery, the race is on for jobs. it's all heating up, and one gender is not just winning, it's overwhelming. so who is getting most of the jobs and why? here's sharyn alfonsi. >> reporter: it became known as the mansession. men lost twice as many jobs as women, but now some are calling our slow national recovery the hecovery because unemployed women like dawn rayner see no signs that things are getting better. >> my resume is littering this entire area. there's got to be over 2,000 places i've applied for. how many times do i actually get phone calls and actually get interviews? in three years i've had two phone interviews which went nowhere. >> reporter: she is not alone.
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of the 1.3 million jobs gained in the u.s. during the recovery, more than a million, nearly 90% went to men. only 113,000 to women. and look at the retail sector. normally a workforce made up of an equal number of men and women but since the recovery, men have gained 100,000 retail jobs, women lost that many. and the gap is widening in all industries. men netting a total of 600,000 new jobs, women losing 300,000. why? >> the people who are doing the hiring think it's more important to put men back to work there because they're supporting families. but the fact is, women are the main breadwinners in about 40% of families. >> reporter: but that's not the only thing at play. billions of dollars of government spending pumped into the economy meant to stimulate jobs, investments in infrastructure like roads left women for the most part behind. only 5% of women work in transportation, and they make up only 13% of the construction workforce.
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add to that massive cuts to public sector jobs like teaching. women make up just over half of the public workforce, but eight out of every ten public sector jobs lost belong to a woman. and we're talking about teachers, librarians, social workers, health care workers. a lot of people wonder why don't these women just retrain for other jobs? well, dawn rayner, the woman that we met in our piece, said she tried but lives in california and because of the budget crisis, retraining programs were cut back and unavailable to her. she told us she is still, diane, filing at least a dozen applications for jobs every single day. >> and 90% of the jobs in this recovery going to men. >> going to men. >> real shocker. >> stunning numbers. >> for us, it is. and when we come back -- thank you, sharyn -- some of the day's other news. and if your neighbor gains weight, why does it change your morning commute? [ sneezes ] allergies? you think i have allergies? you're sneezing. i'm allergic to you. doubtful, you love me. hey, you can't take allegra with fruit juice.
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a different asthma control medicine, such as an inhaled corticosteroid. do not take advair more than prescribed. see your doctor if your asthma does not improve or gets worse. is advair right for you? ask your doctor. get your first prescription free. advair helps prevent symptoms. and something new today about kids and car seats. for years parents have been told infants should ride in car seats that face backwards until the age of 1 or until the child weighs 20 pounds. well, today the american academy of pediatrics changed that saying children should ride backwards until the age of 2, and after that, the car seat can face forward if it also has a harness. word tonight that america's expanding waistline is about to make everyone's morning commute a little harder. the federal transit authority says the average passenger is
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now almost 200 pounds on a bus, up from 164 pounds in the 1960s. they call it a safety hazard and they have now recommended fewer passengers be allowed on city buses, and until new buses with wider seats hit the roads, that means you're less likely to get a seat on the bus. and news tonight of a miracle for a texas father. the recipient of a first full face transplant. this is how dallas wiens looked before his accident. he lost most of his features in 2008 when his head touched a high voltage wire. well, last week he received a new nose, lips, skin, muscles and nerves thanks to an anonymous donor and the transplant team at brigham and women's hospital in boston. well, wiens says to them he hopes now he'll be able to feel his 4-year-old daughter's kisses. and coming up, are you an older or a younger sibling? what that might say about
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well, we have news tonight about birth order and health. here's john berman on health, wealth and birth order. >> reporter: fans of "the brady bunch" know that marcia, the eldest brady girl, seems to get the most attention. >> marcia, marcia, marcia. >> reporter: but according to a new study, she might also get the most allergies. 4% of firstborns get food allergies. 3.5% of second borns, even less for third. scientists think maybe changes in the womb by the time baby two or three comes help build a stronger immune system in kids. also parents who hypersterilize everything for firstborns might back off for younger kids, and rolling around in the dust and germs might also boost immunity. good for cindy brady and younger siblings who sent us pictures on facebook but it's not all good. take intelligence. one study found the i.q. of firstborns three points higher than second children and four points higher than third. maybe it's all that special time with mom and dad. >> when the firstborn comes along and there are no younger
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siblings, they've got 100% of parental attention and parental investment. >> reporter: but that can mean greater expectations and a greater sense of responsibility, hence, leadership, 21 of the first 23 astronauts were firstborn. a disproportionate number of our presidents and ceos, 43% firstborn, 33% middle. 23% youngest. maybe this all helps explain the differences between jimmy and billy carter, bill and roger clinton. in my family my older sister darryn plait is a ceo more successful and smarter. me, i ended up on tv. we younger siblings do have to do things to get attention, be more creative, take more risks, act like rebels. ben franklin was the youngest of 17 kids, stephen colbert, youngest of 11. we're also 50% more likely to play dangerous sports, which explains why older sister marcia had such trouble with football. >> hey, you guys. oh, my nose. >> reporter: on behalf of younger siblings everywhere, she
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had that coming. john berman, abc news, new york. and linda sawyer's little sister is very grateful for her as a sibling. thank you for watching tonight. we're always at don't forget "nightline" later, and we thought on this first day of spring we'd show you more pictures of that super moon over the weekend closer to earth than at any time in the past 20 years. it was gorgeous. see you tomorrow. di winter weather on the first day of spring. we're live tonight. >> and a jury is seated, then sent home. tonight tonight what it took to find 12 impartial people. >> charges of a cover up in a
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project. tonight the e mail that's reveal a potential neighborhood health hazard. >> aging weaponry standing guard over san francisco bay against an enemy that never materialized. >> good evening, two major trilz are underway tonight. >> both are high profile chases -- cases, barry bonds goes on file tril and two men stand trial for the murder of chauncey bailey. >> and we begin in san francisco with the bonds case. >> and there is a small sampling of some. people seated on the jury today aichl 26-year-old hotel food server from hot springs and an i.t.manager from marin city. and there was a group of 12. condition vincing lawyers they can be fair.


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